From Soviet Rule to Present Days: Struggle of Artsakh People for the Right of Peaceful Existence in Their Homeland
The Armenians, one of the ancient nations in the world, throughout the years of their existence were and continue struggling for their right of peaceful existence in their historical homeland. The fact that in the 21st century Armenians managed not only to survive but have two independent republics, the Republic of Armenia and the Republic of Artsakh (otherwise known as Nagorno-Karabakh Republic) is a vivid proof of the success of the centuries long struggle that the Armenians were forced to fight to preserve their religion, culture and language.
The vast expanses of the former Soviet Union harbor oil and gas riches will be crucial in fueling the global economy of the 21st century. The huge oil reserves, estimated at over 25 billion barrels, under the Caspian Sea in the Central Asian and South Caucasus republics of Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan are similar to those in Kuwait and larger than those in Alaska’s Northern Slope and the North Sea combined.
Control over these energy resources and export routes out of the Eurasian hinterland is quickly becoming one of the central issues in post-Cold War politics. Like the “Great Game” of the early 20th century, in which the geopolitical interests of the British Empire and Russia clashed over the Caucasus region and Central Asia, today’s struggle between Russia and the West may turn on who controls the oil reserves in Eurasia. On the other hand Moscow is attempting to ensure that the only route for exporting the energy resources of Eurasia will pass through Russia.
The Impact of Armenian-Turkish Bilateral Projects and Initiatives on Young People (by Grigor Yeritsyan)
The role of civil society actors in Armenian-Turkish relations grew over the past years and that is obvious. But do these projects and initiatives reach their goals? Do they change opinions and break stereotypes of people, who live in societies full of prejudices and negative attitudes towards each other? Are they successful or there is no need to spend money on such kind of initiatives until there is a political will? This survey will try to give an answer and find out if CS programs and initiatives are really useful and if they break stereotypes of young Armenians and Turks about each other. The Web survey was conducted in Armenia and Turkey from December 15, 2011 to January 15, 2012.